Hello Friends, In this blog post I am going to let you know about an interesting topic that is a heap. The term heap can be defined as follows- A heap of size n is a binary tree of n nodes that satisfies the following two constraints:
The binary tree is almost complete which means there is an integer such that every leaf of the tree is at level k or k+1 and if a node has a right descendent at level k+1 then that node also has a left descendent at level k+1.
The keys in the nodes are arranged such that the content of each node is less than or equal to the contents of its father. Which means for each node info[i]<= info[j] where j is the father of node i.
This condition means that the level of the heap is filled left to right and that a node is not placed on a new level until the preceding level is full. All the binary trees of fig 1 are heaps.
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